top of page

Mastering Product-Market Fit: A Comprehensive Guide to Customer Acquisition

Updated: Apr 9

In the fast and furious startup scene, achieving product-market fit (PMF) is the Holy Grail that signifies the transition from a mere concept to a thriving venture.

In this article, we'll delve into the intricacies of our 7 Fits Framework Towards Product Market Fit, focusing primarily on the critical aspect of customer acquisition.

A robust customer acquisition strategy plays a pivotal role in propelling startups towards product-market fit (PMF), hitting the peak of success..


This guide is designed to shed light on the significance of customer acquisition, explore the 7 Fits Framework, and explain how an effective customer acquisition strategy can pave the way for a startup's journey to product-market fit.

What is Product-Market Fit?

Before diving into the role of customer acquisition, let's understand the essence of PMF. Product-market fit is the alignment between a product or service and the specific needs and desires of a target market. It signifies the moment when a product seamlessly resonates with its audience, transforming from an innovative concept into a thriving business.

As Eric Ries aptly puts it, "The only way to win is to find a market that needs your product so badly that they're willing to pay for it."


Achieving PMF is not about widespread adoption but crafting a solution that deeply resonates with a specific user group, addressing their pain points and fulfilling unmet needs.

how to validate your startup idea in 6 weeks: free resource

Significance of Product-Market Fit

PMF is the golden ticket for startups, unlocking the door to sustainable growth and long-term success. It drives customer acquisition, retention, and advocacy, offering a myriad of benefits:


  1. Customer Acquisition: A product that resonates with its market naturally attracts customers, leading to organic acquisition rates.

  2. Customer Retention: Satisfied users become loyal advocates, reducing churn rates and increasing customer lifetime value.

  3. Word-of-Mouth Marketing: A product achieving PMF turns users into enthusiastic promoters, generating positive word-of-mouth and organic marketing buzz.

  4. Business Model Validation: PMF validates a startup's business model, proving the viability of its product or service in the market.

  5. Investor Confidence: Achieving PMF instills confidence in investors, attracting funding and fueling further growth.



Tired of Startup Mentors Who Come and Go?

Book your free intro call to see how you can benefit from startup coaching


The 7 Fits Framework

Our 7 Fits Framework Towards Product-Market Fit offers a structured approach to achieving PMF, dividing the journey into two stages: Pre-Launch and Post-Launch.


In the Pre-Launch phase, startups validate their value propositions through Customer-Problem Fit, Problem-Solution Fit, and Customer-Solution Fit (inspired by the Design Thinking). The initial aim at this stage is to create customer value.


In the Post-Launch, the focus shifts to refining the product-market fit through Product-Channel Fit, Channel-Model Fit, Model-Market Fit, and ultimately, Product-Market Fit. The ultimate aim here is to create business value and start scaling the company.


With the 7 Fits, we provide startups a comprehensive product-market fit framework, ensuring products align with customer needs and market demands at every stage.

Product-Market Fit Metrics

To measure PMF, startups must define metrics that correlate with success. Key metrics include Customer Satisfaction, Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC), Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV), Retention Rate, and Net Promoter Score (NPS). These metrics offer a holistic view of customer satisfaction, loyalty, and overall product performance.


Trying to understand your startup's maturity level

in terms of Product-Market Fit?

Find out which questions you need to ask yourself!


Customer Acquisition: The Catalyst for Product-Market Fit

Customer acquisition is the lifeblood of any startup looking to unlock growth, drive revenue and eventually find Product-Market Fit. However, the process can often feel like a mystery, with ever-evolving strategies and techniques to navigate. In this article, we aim to demystify the secrets behind successful customer acquisition and provide you with actionable insights to fuel your growth.

Whether you're a startup looking to gain traction or an established company aiming to scale, understanding the key principles of customer acquisition is essential. From identifying your target audience and crafting compelling marketing messages to choosing the right channels and optimizing your marketing funnel, every step of the customer acquisition journey counts. 

The Importance of Customer Acquisition

Customer acquisition is the process of attracting and converting potential customers into paying customers. It is a crucial component of any business's growth strategy, as it directly impacts revenue and profitability. Without a steady stream of new customers, businesses cannot sustain growth or compete effectively in the market.

Successful customer acquisition allows businesses to expand their customer base, increase market share, and outpace competitors. It also provides an opportunity to build brand awareness, establish credibility, and generate positive word-of-mouth, which can further fuel growth.

Understanding The Customer Acquisition Process

To effectively acquire customers, it is essential to understand the customer acquisition process. This process typically involves several stages, starting with identifying the target audience and ending with converting them into paying customers.


Are you the founder of a growing startup

with zero marketing skills?

You want to mind your own business and leave marketing to experts.

Let's speak to see if we can help you out with our fractional CMO practices.


1. Identifying the Target Audience: The first step in the customer acquisition process is identifying the target audience. This involves conducting market research to understand the demographics, needs, and preferences of potential customers.

2. Crafting Compelling Marketing Messages: Once the target audience is identified, businesses need to craft compelling marketing messages that resonate with their needs and desires. These messages should clearly communicate the value proposition and differentiate the business from competitors.

3. Choosing the Right Channels: After crafting the marketing messages, businesses need to choose the right channels to reach their target audience. This could include online channels such as social media, search engine marketing, and email marketing, as well as offline channels such as print advertising and events.

4. Optimizing the Conversion Funnel: The conversion funnel represents the journey that potential customers take from initial awareness to making a purchase. Optimizing this funnel involves removing any barriers or friction points that may prevent potential customers from converting. This could include improving website usability, streamlining the checkout process, or providing more information to address customer concerns.

Key Metrics for Measuring Customer Acquisition

customer acquisition KPIs towards product-market fit

Measuring the effectiveness of customer acquisition efforts is essential to optimize strategies and track progress. The metrics for Product-Market Fit and Customer Acquisition are quite similar. These key metrics can help startups gauge the success of their customer acquisition efforts:

1. Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC): CAC measures the cost incurred to acquire a new customer. It takes into account marketing and sales expenses and provides insights into the profitability of customer acquisition efforts. By monitoring and optimizing CAC, businesses can ensure that customer acquisition is cost-effective.

2. Conversion Rate: Conversion rate measures the percentage of potential customers who take the desired action, such as making a purchase or signing up for a newsletter. By tracking conversion rates at different stages of the conversion funnel, businesses can identify areas for improvement and increase overall conversion rates.

3. Customer Lifetime Value (CLV): CLV is a measure of the total revenue generated by a customer over their entire relationship with the business. By understanding CLV, businesses can make informed decisions about customer acquisition strategies and prioritize high-value customers.

Customer Acquisition Strategy Examples

To effectively acquire customers, businesses can employ various strategies that align with their target audience and business goals. Here are some proven strategies for customer acquisition:

  1. Targeting the Right Audience

  2. Creating an Effective Customer Acquisition Funnel

  3. Leveraging Social Media for Customer Acquisition

  4. Utilizing Content Marketing for Customer Acquisition

  5. Tracking and Analyzing Customer Acquisition Efforts

1) Targeting the Right Audience

Identifying and targeting the right audience is crucial for customer acquisition success. By understanding the demographics, interests, and pain points of potential customers, businesses can tailor their marketing messages and choose the most effective channels to reach them.


Customer acquisition is an ongoing process that requires continuous effort and optimization. By understanding the secrets to unlocking growth, businesses can attract, engage, and convert their ideal customers. By implementing the strategies and insights shared in this article, you can take action and drive your business forward, unlocking your growth potential and achieving sustainable business growth.

Now armed with the knowledge and strategies to demystify customer acquisition, it's time to unleash your growth potential and outpace your competitors. Start implementing these actionable insights today, and watch as your customer base expands, your revenue grows, and your business thrives.

2) Creating an Effective Customer Acquisition Funnel


A well-designed customer acquisition funnel guides potential customers through the conversion process and maximizes the chances of conversion. It typically consists of several stages, including awareness, consideration, and conversion. By optimizing each stage of the funnel and addressing customer concerns, businesses can increase the likelihood of conversion.


Identifying and targeting the right audience is the foundation of successful customer acquisition. No matter how compelling your marketing messages are or how well-designed your conversion funnel is, if you're not reaching the right people, your efforts will fall flat. So, how do you go about finding and targeting your ideal customers?

The first step is to understand your product or service and who it caters to. Conduct market research to identify your target audience's demographics, interests, pain points, and buying behaviors. This will allow you to create detailed buyer personas that represent your ideal customers.

Once you have a clear picture of who you're targeting, it's time to choose the right channels to reach them. Whether it's social media platforms, search engines, or industry-specific websites, make sure your marketing efforts are focused on the channels where your target audience is most active. By targeting the right audience through the right channels, you can maximize the impact of your customer acquisition efforts.

The customer acquisition funnel for B2C companies usually starts with awareness, continues with engagement and ends with conversion and there usually is no sales enablement. The average revenue per customer is so low that it does not justify any outbound sales efforts.

When it comes to SaaS conversion funnel, (in most cases) sales involvement is required before, during and/or after onboarding. A startup needs to structure their conversion funnel considering the costs involved and the average revenue+lifetime value of their customers.

3) Leveraging Social Media for Customer Acquisition

Social media platforms provide businesses with a powerful tool to reach and engage with their target audience. By creating compelling content, running targeted ads, and leveraging influencer partnerships, businesses can effectively acquire customers through social media channels.

When it comes to social media marketing, choosing the right channels that match with your business model is of importance.

For B2B businesses, entertainment focussed social media platforms such as TikTok and Snapchat may not be valuable whereas LinkedIN, Twitter, Quora, Slack groups and similar professional/semi-professional platforms might be preferred.

4) Utilizing Content Marketing for Customer Acquisition

Content marketing involves creating and distributing valuable content to attract and engage potential customers. By providing useful and relevant information, businesses can build trust, establish thought leadership, and ultimately convert potential customers into paying customers.


Social media has become a powerful tool for customer acquisition, thanks to its extensive reach and targeting capabilities. To leverage social media effectively, you need to have a well-defined strategy in place.

Start by identifying the social media platforms that align with your target audience. For example, if you're targeting professionals, LinkedIn might be the best platform to focus on. If you're targeting a younger demographic, platforms like Instagram or TikTok could be more suitable.

Once you've chosen the right platforms, develop a content strategy that aligns with your brand and resonates with your target audience. Create engaging and shareable content, such as videos, infographics, and blog posts, that adds value and showcases your expertise.

In addition to organic content, consider investing in paid social media advertising. Platforms like LinkedIN, Facebook and Instagram offer advanced targeting options that allow you to reach specific demographics, interests, and behaviors. By combining organic and paid strategies, you can maximize your customer acquisition efforts on social media.

5) Tracking and Analyzing Customer Acquisition Efforts

Tracking and analyzing customer acquisition efforts is essential to measure the effectiveness of strategies and make data-driven decisions. By using analytics tools and monitoring key metrics, businesses can identify areas for improvement, optimize campaigns, and drive continuous growth.


Content marketing is a powerful tool for customer acquisition as it allows you to provide value to your target audience while positioning your brand as an industry leader. By creating high-quality content that addresses your target audience's pain points and offers solutions, you can attract, engage, and convert potential customers.

Start by conducting keyword research to identify topics and keywords that are relevant to your industry and have high search volume. This will help you create content that not only resonates with your audience but also ranks well in search engine results.

Next, create a content calendar to plan and organize your content creation efforts. Consistency is key when it comes to content marketing, so aim to publish valuable content regularly. This can be in the form of blog posts, videos, podcasts, or infographics, depending on your audience's preferences.

Promote your content through various channels, such as social media, email newsletters, and industry forums. Encourage your audience to share your content and engage with it by asking questions or inviting comments. By utilizing content marketing effectively, you can establish your brand as a trusted authority and attract a steady stream of qualified leads.

Customer Acquisition Channels

Customer acquisition channels can be tailored based on the specific target audience, industry, and business goals, providing a diverse toolkit for customer acquisition strategies. Here are a few important channels:


  • Social Media Marketing: Utilizing platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn to reach and engage with the target audience through paid advertising and organic content.

  • Search Engine Marketing (SEM): Implementing strategies like pay-per-click (PPC) advertising on search engines, such as Google Ads, to increase visibility and attract potential customers.

  • Content Marketing: Creating and distributing valuable content, including blog posts, videos, and infographics, to attract aand engage the target audience and showcase expertise.

  • Email Marketing: Leveraging email campaigns to nurture leads, provide valuable information, and encourage conversions through personalized and targeted communication..

  • Referral Programs: Encouraging existing customers to refer friends or contacts, often through incentives, to drive word-of-mouth marketing and acquire new customers.

  • Events and Sponsorships: Participating in or sponsoring relevant industry events, conferences, or local gatherings to increase brand visibility and attract potential customers.

  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO): Optimizing website content and structure to improve organic search rankings and increase visibility to potential customers.

  • Affiliate Marketing: Collaborating with affiliates who promote products or services and earn a commission for each customer they bring in through their marketing efforts.

  • Direct Sales: Engaging in direct outreach and sales efforts, either through in-person interactions, phone calls, or personalized messages, to connect with potential customers.

  • Partnerships and Collaborations: Forming strategic partnerships with other businesses or organizations to cross-promote products or services and tap into each other's customer bases.

  • Offline Advertising: Using traditional advertising methods such as print, radio, or television to reach a broader audience and create brand awareness.

  • Customer Referral Programs: Encouraging existing customers to refer new customers by offering rewards or discounts, turning satisfied customers into advocates.

  • Mobile App Marketing: Promoting mobile applications through app stores, advertising, and other channels to attract users and drive downloads.

  • Community Building: Fostering a network or community around the product or service offered by creating a space where users, customers, and other stakeholders can interact, share insights, provide feedback, and support each other. 

  • Community Engagement: Actively participating in online forums, communities, or social groups related to the industry to connect with potential customers and build brand awareness.

  • Hosting Webinars: Hosting webinars - including product demonstrations, Q&A sessions, and industry-related discussions - to facilitate direct interaction between the startup team and the user community. 

  • Influencer Marketing: Collaborating with individuals - industry analysts, bloggers, YouTubers, or professionals with a substantial following and credibility - who have a significant online presence and a strong influence within the target audience or industry. 

Customer Acquisition Formula

Formulizing the process of customer acquisition is a daunting yet fulfilling practice. The customer acquisition formula depends on the business models of that particular venture. In the context of this article, we will focus on SaaS business model.


The components of a customer acquisition formula are as below:

  • The customer acquisition funnel

  • The customer acquisition cost (CAC)

  • The conversion rates in each step of the funnel

  • The customer acquisition budget of the startup/venture


Are you the founder of a growing startup

with zero marketing skills?

You want to mind your own business and leave marketing to experts.

Let's speak to see if we can help you out with our fractional CMO practices.


Components of a Customer Acquisition Formula:

1) The Customer Acquisition Funnel

For B2C SaaS and enterprise SaaS, the customer acquisition funnel usually looks like the one below. Based on this funnel, It is possible to write a customer acquisition formula that would include some variables:

  • The cost of acquiring a Website Visitor

  • The conversion rate of a website visitor to a Marketing Lead (ML)

  • The conversion rate of a Marketing Lead (ML) to a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL)

  • The conversion rate of a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL) to an Sales Qualified Lead (SQL)

  • The conversion rate of a Sales Qualified Lead (SQL) to a Won Deal


Components of a Customer Acquisition Formula:

2) Customer Acquisition Cost Definition

Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC) is the cost of acquiring one customer for that particular business. The Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC) includes all the marketing and sales costs associated with closing a deal.


The successful outcome of a customer acquisition funnel is a won deal. The cost of a won deal is equal to the Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC) for that business.

In the funnel below, the CAC is $3333 given that the cost of acquiring one website visitor is $2. Here are the respective values that should go into the customer acquisition formula:

  • The cost of acquiring a Website Visitor = $2

  • The conversion rate of a website visitor to a Marketing Lead (ML) = 1%

  • The conversion rate of a Marketing Lead (ML) to a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL) = 30%

  • The conversion rate of a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL) to an Sales Qualified Lead (SQL) = 40%

  • The conversion rate of a Sales Qualified Lead (SQL) to a Won Deal = 50%

customer acqusition cost

Components of a Customer Acquisition Formula:

3) The Conversion Rates in Each Step of the Funnel

Here are the respective values that should go into the customer acquisition formula:

  • The cost of acquiring a Website Visitor = $2

  • The conversion rate of a website visitor to a Marketing Lead (ML) = 1%

  • The conversion rate of a Marketing Lead (ML) to a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL) = 30%

  • The conversion rate of a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL) to an Sales Qualified Lead (SQL) = 40%

  • The conversion rate of a Sales Qualified Lead (SQL) to a Won Deal = 50%

Customer Acquisition Cost Calculator

To calculate the cost of acquiring one customer, you simply need to divide the cost of acquiring a customer by the other conversion rates in the funnel.


CAC Calculator

The cost of acquiring a Website Visitor ÷  conversion rate (ML/Visitor) ÷ Conversion Rate (MQL/ML) ÷ Conversion Rate (SQL/MQL) ÷  Conversion Rate (Deal/SQL) 

The cost of a Marketing Lead (ML)

$2 [The cost of acquiring a Website Visitor] = $200

1% [Conversion rate (ML/Visitor)]

The cost of a Marketing Qualified Lead (MQL)

$200 [The cost of acquiring a Marketing Lead] = $667

30% [Conversion rate (MQL/ML)]

The cost of a Sales Qualified Lead (SQL)

$667 [The cost of acquiring a Marketing Qualified Lead] = $1667

40% [Conversion rate (SQL/MQL)]

Customer Acquisition Cost (WON DEAL)

$1667 [The cost of acquiring a Sales Qualified Lead] = $3333

50% [Conversion rate (Deal/SQL)]

Components of a Customer Acquisition Formula:

4) The Customer Acquisition Budget of the Startup/Venture

If a startup is able to allocate $20.000/year for customer acquisition, then they would only be able to acquire 6 customers in that year, given that the CAC is $3333.


In the early days of a startup, customer acquisition is a numbers game. The more you spend, the more you acquire. As the business matures, the growth rate of customer acquisition may slow down leading to a higher CAC.


A startup that is trying to each Product-Market Fit should closely track their conversion rates at every step of the conversion funnel.

If there is some friction in the funnel i.e. website sign-up issues, content that does not convert, onboarding issues, demo issues, then the startup team needs to find a way to first pinpoint the issue and then solve it in the fastest, easiest and the most cost-effective way.


Tired of Startup Mentors Who Come and Go?

Book your free intro call to see how you can benefit from startup coaching



Mastering Product-Market Fit: A Comprehensive Guide to Customer Acquisition

In conclusion, mastering product-market fit (PMF) is the key to transforming a startup from a mere concept into a thriving venture. In this article, we explored the intricacies of the 7 Fits Framework towards PMF, with a particular emphasis on the critical role of customer acquisition.


Understanding the essence of PMF, the significance it holds for startups, and the metrics i.e. CAC, LTV, ARPU and strategies involved in achieving it is paramount.

What is also crucial in terms of customer acquisition is to choose the customer acquisition channels that is inline with the startup's business model. 


By unraveling the mysteries of successful customer acquisition and providing actionable insights, this article equips startups with the knowledge to unlock growth potential, outpace competitors, and thrive in the dynamic landscape of the business world.


As you embark on your journey to Product-Market Fit (PMF), armed with the tools and strategies outlined here, seize the opportunity to implement these insights today. Witness your customer base expand, your revenue grow, and your business flourish as you navigate the path toward sustainable and impactful growth.


Free eBook: MVP 101

Minimum Viable Product Examples from Renowned Startups

Click here to download

MVP 101:
Examples of Minimum Viable Products from Renowned Startups

Get it now!

Click here to download

bottom of page